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Djibouti has a 5-4-3 formal education structure that has been in place since 2002. Primary school has an official entry age of six and a duration of five grades. Secondary school is divided into two cycles: lower secondary consists of grades 6 - 9, and upper secondary consists of grades 10 - 12. Primary school is known as enseignment de base, lower secondary as enseignment moyen, and upper secondary as enseignment secondaire. Basic education, or enseignment fundamental, includes primary and lower secondary. In principle, public school is free and primary and secondary school are compulsory. Students sit for the certificat de fin d'etudes de base (CFEB) at the end of grade 5, and the brevet de l'enseignment fondamental at the end of grade 9. The academic year runs from September to May and is roughly 30 weeks long.
Prior to the year 2002, primary education had a duration of six years. (UNESCO IBE, World Data on Education. 7th Edition, 2010-2011. Revised 4/2012).
According to UIS data, the structure of the education system in Djibouti changed from 6-4-3 in 2007 to 5-4-3 in 2008.
Among other data sources, unique EPDC data collections for Djibouti include administrative data from the Ministry of Education (2006 - 2012), Ministry of Finance (1997 - 2000), household survey data from EDAM (1996), MICS (2006), and indicators derived from UIS data.
For an overview of current education conditions in Djibouti, please view our education profiles.
Last updated: 10/2012
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