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Kazakhstan has a 4-5-2 formal education structure. Primary school has an official entry age of seven and a duration of four grades. Secondary school is divided into two cycles: lower secondary consists of grades 5 - 9, and upper secondary consists of grades 10 - 11. Lower secondary is sometimes referred to as basic secondary and upper secondary as senior secondary. In principle, compulsory education begins with one year of preprimary and includes primary and secondary school. Public education is free. Students sit for the basic secondary examination and certificate at the end of grade 9, and the complete secondary examination and certificate at the end of grade 11.The school year typically has 32 weeks of instruction. (UNESCO IBE, World Data on Education. 7th Edition, 2010-2011. Revised 8/2011).
Kazakhstan is currently in transition to a 12 year primary and secondary education system. The 12 year system will consist of: primary (grades 1-4), lower secondary (grades 5-10), and upper secondary (grades 11 and 12). It is expected that this new system will be fully implemented by 2015.
Among other data sources, unique EPDC data collections for Kazakhstan include administrative data from the Ministry of Education (2006 - 2011), National Statistical Office (2006 -2010), household survey data from DHS (1999), MICS (2006), and indicators derived from UIS data.
For an overview of current education conditions in Kazakhstan, please view our education profiles.
Last updated: 10/2012
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