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At the end of grade 6, students sit for the Primary School Assessment Test (UPSR), which leads to a Primary School Certificate and decides access to the lower secondary level. The Lower Secondary Assessment (PMR) administered at the end of lower secondary results in Lower Certificate of Education and determines eligibility for upper secondary education. Students also sit for the Malaysia Certificate of Education Examination (SPM) at the end of grade 11, and the Malaysian Higher Secondary School Certificate at the end of grade 13.
In principle, primary and secondary school are free and primary school is compulsory. (UNESCO IBE, World Data on Education. 7th Edition, 2010-2011. Revised 5/2011).
UIS classifies the school structure in Malaysia as having a 6-3-4 structure.
Among other data sources, unique EPDC data collections for Malaysia include administrative data from the Department of Statistics (2009-2011), indicators derived from UIS data, and learning outcomes data including TIMSS (2007, 2011).
For an overview of current education conditions in Malaysia, please view our education profiles.
Last updated: 4/2014
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