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Moldova has a 4-5-3 formal education structure. Primary school has an official entry age of six and a duration of four grades. Secondary school is divided into two cycles: lower secondary consists of grades 5 - 9, and upper secondary consists of grades 10 - 12. Lower secondary is referred to as gymnasium and upper secondary as lyceum. In principle, public education is free, and compulsory education encompasses one year of pre-primary, primary and lower secondary. Students sit for the Exam/Certificate of Gymnasium Studies at the end of grade 9, and the National exam/baccalaureate diploma at the end of grade 12.The academic year lasts approximately 34-35 weeks (UNESCO IBE, World Data on Education. 7th Edition, 2010-2011. Revised 12/2011).
As of 2010, UIS classifies the school structure in Moldova as having a 4-5-2 structure. Because this is not in alignment with the nationally-defined school system structure UIS indicators for upper secondary do not reflect the nature of the official education system. Care should be taken when interpreting UIS data for Moldova.
Among other data sources, unique EPDC data collections for Moldova include administrative data from the Bureau of Statistics (2006 - 2011), household survey data from DHS (2005), MICS (2000), and indicators derived from UIS data.
For an overview of current education conditions in Moldova, please view our education profiles.
Last updated: 10/2012
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