You are here
Mongolia has a 5-4-2 formal education structure. Primary school has an official entry age of six and a duration of five grades. Secondary school is divided into two cycles: lower secondary consists of grades 6 - 9, and upper secondary consists of grades 10 - 11. In principle, primary and secondary school are free and primary and lower secondary school are compulsory. Students sit for examinations for the Primary Education Certificate at the end of grade 5, the Certificate of Basic Education at the end of grade 9, and the school leaving certificate at the end of grade 11.The school year for primary grades lasts 34 school weeks; for lower secondary it lasts 35 weeks; and for upper secondary it lasts 36 weeks. The school year typically begins in September.
In 2005, Mongolia moved from a 10 year (4-4-2) system to the current 11 year (5-4-2) system. In 2008, a 12 year (6-3-3) system was introduced with full implementation expected in 2016. With each transition, Mongolia has lowered the primary school entrance age by a year in order to extend the duration of the primary cycle. Mongolia is technically operating on a 5-4-3 system but, until the transition from an 11 to a 12 year system progresses further, few students enroll in grade 12 and the system is effectively a 5-4-2 system. (UNESCO IBE, World Data on Education. 7th Edition, 2010-2011. Revised 8/2011).
UIS classifies the school structure in Mongolia as having had a 4-4-2 structure with an entry age of eight through 2003; a 5-4-2 structure with an entry age of seven for the years 2005 - 2008, and a 5-4-2 structure with an entry age of 6 beginning in 2009.
Among other data sources, unique EPDC data collections for Mongolia include administrative data from the Ministry of Education (2006 - 2012), National Statistical Office (2003 - 2009), household survey data from MICS (2005, 2000), and indicators derived from UIS data.
For an overview of current education conditions in Mongolia, please view our education profiles.
Last updated: 10/2012
Search for data related to this Country by selecting the dimensions that you want to include in your results. The selection of the years will trigger a process to show you the number of results on your search according to the selected criteria. Switch to the Advanced Search if you want to include more dimensions in your search criteria.Switch to Advanced Search