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Papua New Guinea
The 3-6-2-2 structure claimed by the ministry of education is the result of a 1995 reform that was never fully implemented. This post-reform structure co-exists alongside the pre-reform structure of 6-4-2 which consisted of six years of primary school (grades 1 - 6), four years of lower secondary (grades 7 - 10) and two years of upper secondary (grades 11-12). At present, two separate overlapping but non-symmetrical tracks exist for the early grades. Some children enter the school system at an elementary school where they attend preparatory through E2 before transitioning to a primary school for grade three. Other children do not attend an elementary school but rather enter the formal school system through a primary school that continues to offer grades one through six (these children skip the preparatory year altogether).
Students sit for the Certificate of Basic Education (COBE) at the end of grade 8, the School Certificate Examination at the end of grade 10, and the Higher School Certificate Examination at the end of grade 12.The academic year is divided into four terms and lasts approximately 40 weeks. (UNESCO IBE, World Data on Education. 7th Edition, 2010-2011. 5/2011).
As of 2010, UIS classifies the school structure in Papua New Guinea as having a 6-4-2 structure with an entry age of seven. UIS does not recognize elementary schools as part of the formal school system structure and thus does not include elementary figures in its statistics. As a result, these data substantially under count the number of pupils enrolled in the first years of education in Papua New Guinea. UIS indicators do not reflect the nature of the official education system, and care should be taken when interpreting UIS data for Papua New Guinea. Indicators collected from the Ministry of Education have been adjusted to incorporate both elementary school and primary school into what is labeled as primary school.
Among other data sources, unique EPDC data collections for Papua New Guinea include administrative data from the Department of Education (2006 - 2008), and indicators derived from UIS data.
For an overview of current education conditions in Papua New Guinea, please view our education profiles.
Last updated: 10/2012
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