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Rachel Hatch

Violent Conflict and Educational Inequality Literature Review

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2016
Keywords: Education inequality, conflict
In this review, we consider the body of research on conflict and educational opportunity. We begin by exploring the multitude of potential ways in which conflict disrupts the education system. We then turn to evidence on how conflict changes educational inequality – going from general impacts to effects and damages for specific subpopulations.

Education Inequality and Violent Conflict: Evidence and Policy Considerations

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2016
Keywords: Education inequality, conflict
Equity is at the heart of the new global development agenda, with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) prioritizing a fair, inclusive world, where futures are not determined by one's wealth, ethnicity, sex, or other socioeconomic factors. This policy brief summarizes EPDC research findings produced under UNICEF's Learning for Peace program. The relationship between education inequalities and violent conflict finds strong empirical support, particularly in the years after 2000.

The Effects of Armed Conflict on Educational Attainment and Inequality

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2016
Keywords: Conflict, inequality, educational attainment
We use the variation in the timing of conflict between countries using a difference-in-differences matching strategy to identify the impacts of armed conflict on years of schooling and educational inequality. We draw upon data from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program and the Ethnic Power Relations databases, which enable us to distinguish between ethnic and non-ethnic conflicts. Further, we are able to identify the effect of conflict onset as well as the incidence of conflict in years following onset.

Making Waves: The Rising Demand for Secondary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

Type: Research
Author(s): Rachel Hatch
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: Secondary education, youth, projections
Greater participation in secondary education supports the advancement of human capital linked to economic growth, democracy-building, improved health, greater equity across society, and the development of a capable and competitive workforce. However, many youth never reach secondary school in Sub-Saharan Africa, which limits their life opportunities as well as national development trajectories more broadly. This brief quantifies what we can expect in terms of demand for secondary education in the coming decade, with a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa and on lower secondary education.

Horizontal Inequality in Education and Violent Conflict Literature Review

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: education, inequality, conflict
After offering a rationale for studying education inequalities and violent conflict, and introducing the concept of horizontal inequalities, we offer a brief overview of the approach and methodology for selecting the literature to be used in the review. This is followed by a review of literature on group identity and its measurement in conflict literature, with a particular focus on horizontal inequality. Finally, we discuss the literature on educational inequality, as well as the studies and evidence to date. 

Investment in Equity and Peacebuilding: South Africa Case Study

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2015
Keywords: equity, peacebuilding, education
Investment in Equity and Peacebuilding: South Africa Case Study by Family Health International 360 (FHI 360)’s Education Policy and Data Center (EPDC) is a mixed-methods case study, carried out as part of UNICEF’s Peacebuilding, Education, and Advocacy (PBEA) Programme, that examines the relationship of investments in educational equity and in social capital on social cohesion in South Africa. Much of South Africa’s modern history is marked by institutionalized inequality and the mass struggle against it.

Literacy data: More, but not always better

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2014
Keywords: Literacy, Uganda, learning outcomes, learning assessments
For International Literacy Day, EPDC examined the usefulness and comparability of different types of literacy data across the globe. This policy brief discusses the analysis, with specific examples drawing from Uganda.

Teenage, Married, and Out of School: Effects of early marriage and childbirth on school dropout

Type: Research
Year of Publishing: 2014
Keywords: Early marriage, attendance, DHS, household survey, teen pregnancy, Southern and Eastern Africa
Over the past decade, as Sub-Saharan Africa saw the expansion of universal primary enrollment policies, gender balance in primary school participation improved considerably, with girls now attending school almost at the same rate as boys. Gains in primary school, however, have not carried over to secondary: for every 100 boys, only 82 girls of secondary school age are enrolled across the region, up from 80 in the year 2000.