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Research

Opportunity to Learn: A high impact strategy for improving educational outcomes in developing countries

Type: Research
Author(s): Moore, DeStefano, Adelman
Year of Publishing: 2012
Keywords: opportunity to learn, time on task
This book includes a chapter which frames the research questions and the issues around opportunity to learn; a chapter outlining the research methodology; a synthesis of the case study findings; a chapter on the resource wastage OTL leads to; and the five case studies. This research demonstrates that students need both quality instruction and time to learn to read.

EQUIP2 State-of-the-Art Knowledge in Education: School Report Cards

Type: Research
Author(s): Florez
Year of Publishing: 2012
Keywords: EQUIP2 State-of-the-Art Knowledge in Education: School Report Cards, lessons learned, Namibia, Brazil, Ghana
Effective parent and community participation in education requires that they have knowledge of their children’s educational needs and are empowered to act on that knowledge. One promising innovation for encouraging parent and community participation to improve learning in the education sector is the School Report Card. Comment  

Examining the Role of International Achievement Tests in Education Policy Reform

Type: Research
Author(s): Bernbaum, Moore
Year of Publishing: 2012
Keywords: achievement, tests, education reform, student learning
This education policy paper was undertaken to identify, both for ‘developing’ countries and donors who support education in these countries, best practices in education policy reform that are believed to contribute to improvements in student learning outcomes with a focus on increasing equity in performance among student populations. This paper uses as a point of departure five country cases where student learning, as measured by scores on one or more international achievement tests, has increased over time.

EQUIP2 Final Report

Type: Research
Author(s): Smiley
Year of Publishing: 2012
Keywords: EQUIP2 Final Report, lessons learned
After nine years of implementation, EQUIP2’s breadth and depth have been far greater than the designers had anticipated. With 32 associate awards in 20 countries, extensive research conducted in numerous topical areas, and 81 publications totaling 2,141 pages, the project has become a key tool for the expansion of USAID’s education portfolio and expertise in the policy arena. Comment

EQUIP2 Lessons Learned Synthesis

Type: Research
Author(s): Lehner
Year of Publishing: 2012
Keywords: EQUIP2 Lessons Learned Synthesis, lessons learned, EQUIP2
The USAID-funded EQUIP2 program conducted a series of studies to increase and share knowledge about how projects are designed, implemented, and evaluated, who is involved, what contexts exist, and what approaches enabled or constrained project implementation in an increasingly Ministry-led environment. This paper serves to introduce this complete set of studies , the methodology used to gather and analyze information, and to provide a summary overview of the main lessons learned for leadership, project design, implementation and evaluation.

EQUIP2 State-of-the-Art Knowledge in Education: OTL

Type: Research
Author(s): DeStefano
Year of Publishing: 2012
Keywords: EQUIP2 State-of-the-Art Knowledge in Education: OTL, lessons learned, mozambique, honduras, guatemala
The research on time and learning makes distinctions among allocated time, engaged time, and a third category, academic learning time. Allocated time has little to no relationship with student achievement. Engaged time has been shown to have a stronger relationship to achievement. The strongest relationship found to impact achievement is with academic learning time, the hardest variable to observe and track. Comment

School Fee Abolition: Parents’ Perspectives

Type: Research
Author(s): Wiener
Year of Publishing: 2012
Keywords: The Effects of School Fee Abolition on Parents, School fees
Tags: School Fees
While substantial evidence indicates that school fees are a barrier to education, little attention has been paid toward the effects of Free Primary Education (FPE) policies, and even less attention has been given to FPE’s effect on parents’ responses, perceptions, and attitudes regarding their child’s education. Comment

School Fee Abolition: Teachers’ Voices

Type: Research
Author(s): Wiener
Year of Publishing: 2012
Keywords: The Effects of School Fee Abolition on Teachers, School fees
Tags: School Fees
Based on a review of the available school fee literature, teachers may face several challenges when fees are abolished, including large classes, a shortage of material resources, increased heterogeneity of learners, and weakened support from parents, head teachers, and non-governmental organizations. Comment

Orphans and Vulnerable Children: Trends in School Access and Experience in Eastern and Southern Africa

Type: Research
Author(s): Smiley, Omoeva, Sylla, Chaluda
Year of Publishing: 2012
Keywords: Lesotho, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, OVC, orphans, vulnerable, participation
Now a decade since the term orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) entered the international development literature, FHI 360s Education Policy and Data Center took a look at 5 countries in subSaharan Africa to reflect on the continuing crisis and its relation to educational participation. Comment

Child Vulnerability and Educational Disadvantage in Uganda: Patterns of School Attendance and Performance

Type: Research
Author(s): Sylla, Omoeva, Smiley
Year of Publishing: 2012
Keywords: Uganda, vulnerability, OVC, attendance, learning outcomes
This paper analyzes the extent to which Uganda's official government "child vulnerability" indicators are associated with two important components of educational disadvantage: school attendance and sixth grade learning outcomes. Comment

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