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Secondary education is the second stage of formal education. Many countries distinguish between two stages of secondary education in these cases, lower secondary education is seen as building on the outcomes of schooling at the primary level, and may focus on life-skills education, and the transition students from generalized program of education to the specialized programs of upper secondary. Upper secondary education is often designed to prepare students for tertiary education or entry to the workforce. While some countries promote easy progression to lower and upper secondary others control progression through examinations. In many countries, secondary levels of education may be separated into specialized tracks with a focus on vocational training and academic/general education. Upper secondary is less likely to be treated as a compulsory or free education program.
Education statistics published by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics follow International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) classifications of school levels and may not always agree with a countrys own classification system. When this is the case, UIS statistics may not reflect the nature of the official education system for the country. When EPDC is aware of such discrepancies, they are noted on the country pages of our website.
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- Universal, but not Free: Household Schooling Costs and Equity Effects of Uganda's Universal Secondary Education Policy
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